Throughout the past couple of decades, titanium has been the primary (and only) material of choice for dental implants. Titanium is an extremely strong and biocompatible metal that gives mechanical strength to the dental implant structure and restores optimal bite force. But in recent years, it has become increasingly clear that placing metal implants in the mouth can pose some long-term systemic health problems, including a higher risk of peri-implant complications.
Zirconia implants are hypoallergenic
Titanium isn’t a hypoallergenic material. Implanting titanium posts within the jawbone may lead to the symptoms of titanium hypersensitivity and allergic reactions, such as skin sensitivity, inflammation, and a compromised immune system. The adverse side effects of titanium implants often appear months or years after the surgery, and patients often go through months of systemic health conditions before the source of the symptoms is identified.
Ceramic implants are non-corrosive
Titanium implants can corrode in wet environments — and the mouth is pretty wet. The corrosion of titanium implants can be catalyzed by other metallic components in the mouth, such as amalgam fillings, fluoride exposure, and other factors. When the titanium oxide corrodes, the particles may travel into other surrounding tissues and lymph nodes, leading to systemic health problems and concerns.
Zirconia dental implants are bacteria resistant
One of the biggest problems associated with titanium implants is the risk of peri-implantitis, a medical condition wherein the accumulation of plague on titanium implants leads to gum inflammation. Over time, the continued accumulation of bacteria and plaque around the implant may lead to increased gum inflammation and bone loss, which can eventually lead to the loss of the titanium implant.
Ceramic implants ensure biointegration
Until recently, osseointegration has been the gold standard for dental implants. Osseointegration is a biological process whereby your natural jawbone tissues fuse with the implant surface, making it a firmly rooted part of the dental anatomy. Titanium implants are excellent at osseointegration, but their ability to facilitate optimal biointegration (soft tissue healing) isn’t as impressive, leading to a higher risk of gum inflammation and peri-implantitis.
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