Are Ceramic Implants Safe?

by Dental-Pedia
Are ceramic dental implants safe - Everything you need to know about ceramic implants

Throughout the past couple of decades, titanium has been the primary (and only) material of choice for dental implants. Titanium is an extremely strong and biocompatible metal that gives mechanical strength to the dental implant structure and restores optimal bite force. But in recent years, it has become increasingly clear that placing metal implants in the mouth can pose some long-term systemic health problems, including a higher risk of peri-implant complications

Consequently, as the demand for biological dentistry has grown, ceramic implants have proven to be a safe and reliable alternative to titanium implants. Zirconium oxide (zirconia) implants were originally introduced because of their beautiful aesthetic properties, but studies have shown that they also produce superior results. Ceramic is a non-corrosive and hypoallergenic material that doesn’t induce severe inflammation of peri-implant complications, making it safer than titanium implants. 
Zirconia implants were initially distrusted because ceramic was deemed to be a weaker material than titanium. But recent studies have also shown that zirconia implants have similar success rates as titanium implants. If you’re about to undergo dental implant surgery, you should definitely consider your zirconia implant options. This article highlights how ceramic implants are safer and more reliable than titanium implants. 

Ceramic dental implants are hypoallergenic made of a tooth-colored material called zirconium oxide

Zirconia implants are hypoallergenic

Titanium isn’t a hypoallergenic material. Implanting titanium posts within the jawbone may lead to the symptoms of titanium hypersensitivity and allergic reactions, such as skin sensitivity, inflammation, and a compromised immune system. The adverse side effects of titanium implants often appear months or years after the surgery, and patients often go through months of systemic health conditions before the source of the symptoms is identified. 

Zirconia implants, in comparison, are biocompatible and hypoallergenic, which means they perfectly integrate into the jawbone without triggering allergic reactions. If you opt for zirconia implants, you don’t have to worry about the symptoms of toxicity, hypersensitivity, allergies, and other such issues that are common with metallic implants and components. While titanium implants are bio-tolerant, zirconia implants are truly biocompatible. 

Ceramic implants are non-corrosive and do not cause any health problems

Ceramic implants are non-corrosive

Titanium implants can corrode in wet environments — and the mouth is pretty wet. The corrosion of titanium implants can be catalyzed by other metallic components in the mouth, such as amalgam fillings, fluoride exposure, and other factors. When the titanium oxide corrodes, the particles may travel into other surrounding tissues and lymph nodes, leading to systemic health problems and concerns. 

Zirconia implants, in comparison, are completely non-corrosive. Zirconia doesn’t conduct heat or electricity or lead to chemical reactions, so the zirconium oxide particles can’t travel to other parts of the body. You can be assured that the zirconia implant’s particles won’t affect other surrounding tissues, ensuring optimal oral health. 
Zirconia dental implants are bacteria resistant, minimizing the risk of peri-implantitis

Zirconia dental implants are bacteria resistant 

One of the biggest problems associated with titanium implants is the risk of peri-implantitis, a medical condition wherein the accumulation of plague on titanium implants leads to gum inflammation. Over time, the continued accumulation of bacteria and plaque around the implant may lead to increased gum inflammation and bone loss, which can eventually lead to the loss of the titanium implant. 

Zirconia implants are more bacteria resistant than titanium. Zirconia is a bioinert, plaque-resistant, and non-conductive material, so it creates conditions that are less suitable for bacterial growth. Ceramic dental implants also maintain a tight soft-tissue seal with the patient’s body, so bacteria can’t easily penetrate the soft tissue barrier and reach the implant, minimizing the risk of peri-implantitis. 
Ceramic implants ensure biointegration and minimize the risk of infections and peri-implantitis.

Ceramic implants ensure biointegration 

Until recently, osseointegration has been the gold standard for dental implants. Osseointegration is a biological process whereby your natural jawbone tissues fuse with the implant surface, making it a firmly rooted part of the dental anatomy. Titanium implants are excellent at osseointegration, but their ability to facilitate optimal biointegration (soft tissue healing) isn’t as impressive, leading to a higher risk of gum inflammation and peri-implantitis. 

Zirconia implants go beyond osseointegration and ensure optimal biointegration, the biological process whereby the soft tissues (gums) heal around the implant. Zirconia implants are bio-inert and modeled after natural teeth, allowing soft tissues to heal around the implant surface without problems. Furthermore, some zirconia implants come with cemented posts that further eliminate the risk of bacteria infiltration at the implant-abutment region. 

Since ceramic implants ensure optimal osseointegration and biointegration, they minimize the risk of infections and peri-implant complications. As such, zirconia implants are safer in the long run. 

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