How to Prevent Titanium Intolerance?
Dental implants are ideal for teeth replacement, and, in most cases, dental implants last a lifetime without complications. Titanium and zirconia implants show nearly perfect success rates, with a negligible risk of implant failure or complications. However, in some cases, patients with titanium implants may eventually display signs of titanium allergies, leading to a condition called titanium intolerance.
Titanium intolerance is a condition wherein the patient’s body rejects the titanium dental implant due to an allergic reaction. Titanium is the safest and most biocompatible metal available, but some people can develop titanium allergies and suffer from implant failure. Titanium intolerance usually occurs when the gradually corroding titanium alloy particles interact with the surrounding bone tissues, leading to inflammation.
Identifying Titanium Allergy
- Erythema — redness around the implant
- Urticaria — hives around the gum and skin
- Eczema — skin and gum inflammation
- Swelling and severe pain around the implant
- Necrosis — the death of gum tissues around the implant
- Loss of bone tissues around the implant
- Symptoms of toxicity around the nails
- Neurological problems
Titanium Allergy Tests
If you identify the signs or symptoms of titanium intolerance, you should contact a reliable dentist. Most titanium allergies can be diagnosed via a skin patch test. During these tests, the suspected allergens are applied to patches of skin, covered with waterproof bandages, and left for some time. After the specified time is over, the area is examined for signs of inflammation, thereby determining if the patient has an allergy.
3 Tips to Prevent Titanium Intolerance
1. Zirconia implants instead of titanium implants
Zirconia implants are a suitable alternative for patients who don’t want to risk titanium allergies. Zirconia implants are made of ceramic, a biocompatible and hypoallergenic material with no risk of allergies. Until recently, dentists were skeptical of zirconia implants because they weren’t deemed as strong. However, thanks to recent innovations in zirconia implant development, they have success rates similar to titanium implants, making them the ideal alternatives. Since zirconia implants carry no risks of titanium allergies, the risk of implant failure is significantly lower.
2. Dental bridges instead of dental implants
3. Partial dentures instead of dental implants
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