Dental implants are artificial tooth roots - usually in the form of screws - which are surgically inserted/implanted into the jawbone (from the Latin implantare: to implant) to replace lost teeth. Implants can support fixed dentures, e.g. single crowns or bridges, they can be used to fix removable dentures, e.g. a complete denture, or they can be used to cement a denture firmly to them.
Implants have proven their worth for about 40 years and implantations are now part of everyday practice in many dental practices and clinics.Every year in Germany alone, approx. 1,300,000 implants are inserted (as of 2017) - with an upward trend.
In contrast to partial and full dentures, implants not only close gaps between teeth visually, but they also take over the complete function of the natural teeth. With a denture supported by implants, you can bite and eat just like with your real teeth.
Advantages and disadvantages of implants summarized:
|Advantages of implants:||... so many advantages are also disadvantages:|
|Healthy teeth do not have to be ground down for a bridge. ||Implants must always be inserted with an operation, operations always involve a risk, which is, however, significantly reduced by a minimally invasive procedure. |
|The jawbone is loaded again by implants and a regression (atrophy) is actively avoided.||In rare cases the inserted implants do not "grow in". In these cases, either "re-turning" (activation of the implant), re-implantation or closing the gap with another therapy is necessary. |
|Dentures on implants not only look like real teeth, but also feel like them.||If the jawbone is severely atrophied, a complex bone reconstruction must be carried out. |
|There is less risk of bad breath because implant-supported dentures can be cared for in the same way as real teeth.||Since the introduction of the fixed allowance system (2005) on the part of the GKV (statutory health insurance), you as a patient have the choice - previously implants were always a private benefit! |
|Implants are one of the safest therapies in dentistry - after 10 years, usually 95% of the inserted implants are still in the jaw - in comparison: with a root tip resection (WSR), only 30-50% are still healthy in the jaw after 10 years.|| |