Peri-implantitis is an inflammatory condition that affects patients with dental implants, especially titanium implants. Peri-implantitis starts as bacteria forms in and around the implant and gum tissues. The symptoms are similar to gum disease, and just like gum disease, peri-implantitis also affects the gums and surrounding teeth.
This article investigates the importance of soft-tissue adaptation (biointegration) for dental implants, oral health, and overall health. We also discuss how zirconia implants are better capable of ensuring soft-tissue adaptation than titanium implants.
Symptoms of Peri-Implantitis
- Redness and swelling around the implant site
- Receding gum line — the pocket of space around the gum grows larger
- Implant visibility around the gum line
- Metallic taste in the mouth
- Pus-filled cysts around the implant site
- Bleeding while brushing
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Aching sensations around the implant site
- Loosening implant
- Soreness in the jaw muscles due to deteriorating bone tissues
Causes of Peri-Implantitis
Compromised Immunity: Patients with compromised immune systems due to diabetes or other illnesses have a higher risk of peri-implantitis. Furthermore, patients with a history of gum disease or periodontitis also have higher risks of peri-implantitis and inflammation around the implant.
Inadequate Oral Hygiene:
Implant Structure/ Material:
Treatments for Peri-Implantitis
How to Prevent Peri-Implantitis?
#1. Optimal Oral Hygiene
Peri-implantitis usually occurs due to improper oral hygiene, which leads to bacterial accumulation at the implant site. As such, the best way to prevent peri-implant complications is to maintain optimal oral hygiene. You should brush and floss twice a day, use water flossers and other oral hygiene aids, and go for regular dental cleaning and check-ups.
#2. Lifestyle Changes
#3. Zirconia Implants
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